Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention and/or hyperactive or impulsive behavior which impedes the normal functioning or development of an individual. The disorder is prevalent in children aged 6-12 years, but can also continue into adulthood.
ADHD children have a problem in learning and focusing on their studies, which ultimately affects their performance in school, home, as well as in recreational activities. However, such children often perform well in activities in which they have interest. Adults with ADHD find it difficult to follow instructions, manage time, set their goals and complete targets. They may have low self-esteem and confidence which can affect their relationships.
Symptoms of ADHD are difficult to recognize
To make a proper diagnosis of ADHD, it is important to identify and evaluate the common symptoms of the disease early in life. Some of the most common signs of ADHD in children are:
- emotional turmoil
- increased fidgetiness and lack of concentration
- tendency to make mistakes
- self-focused behavior
What causes ADHD?
Though the exact causes of ADHD are not known, the disorder is thought to be caused by a combination of several factors. Some of the factors are:
Genetics: Studies have shown that ADHD runs in the family and genetics play a significant role in causing this condition. In one such study, Dr. Florence Levy and her colleagues studied 1,938 families with identical and non-identical twins in Australia and found that there was 82 percent concordance rate for ADHD in identical twins as compared to just 38 percent concordance rate in non-identical twins. Therefore, there is a strong evidence that ADHD is linked to hereditary factors.
Exposure to substances during pregnancy: Scientists have shown that a child with mother who abused alcohol or drugs during pregnancy has impaired brain functionalities.
Brain injury: One of the causes of ADHD can be an injury to the brain as a result of trauma, stroke, brain tumor or disease because these factors are often related to problems such as inattention and poor activity of neurons.
Brain structure and functioning: Brain scans of persons with ADHD have suggested that certain areas of their brain were smaller, whereas other areas were found to be larger. As per studies, it may take an average of two to three years longer for the brain to mature in children with ADHD in comparison to normal children.
Premature birth: ADHD has been predominantly found in prematurely born having a low birth weight.
Effect of pesticides: Though the link between ADHD and pesticides has been suggested by some studies, it has not yet established. Some studies have shown that environmental factors, such as an increased exposure to pesticides, are related to ADHD.
ADHD is treatable
It is an agonizing situation for parents to know that their child is suffering from ADHD. The disorder in older adults can also affect their relationships. Sometimes, ADHD can lead to depression and feelings of inferiority complex among the sufferers.
But this is a highly treatable and manageable condition with most of the symptoms of individual going off with age. So, do not panic if your loved one is suffering from ADHD. The Florida Mental Health Helpline is available round-the-clock to assist you with expert advice on treatments for mental health disorders in Florida. You may call us at our 24/7 helpline number 866-846-5588 or chat online with our experts who can guide you with the complete details about the best centers for mental disorder treatment in Florida.