A mental health diagnosis involves several steps including medical evaluation and assessment of symptoms that is followed by recommendation of treatment plans and therapies suited to a patient’s needs. Advances in clinical science are also reflected in how mental illnesses are diagnosed and treated, however, needing a more structured approach.
While the existing diagnostic manuals for mental disorders — Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the Research Domain Criteria (R-DoC) — are helpful and necessary for identifying and treating mental illnesses, a team of experts at the University of Notre Dame and a team of other experts emphasize modifying the outlook. In the new research published online in Psychological Science in the Public Interest on Dec. 6, 2017, the team reviewed the existing diagnostic manuals and identified the challenges involved in understanding and classifying mental health disorders. Read more