Distinguishing similar mental disorders: OCD and OCPD

Distinguishing similar mental disorders: OCD and OCPD

Mental illnesses are one of the most bothering public health issues in the United States. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), about 9.8 million adults (4.2 percent of total U.S. adult population) suffered from various serious mental disorders in 2014. Among the varied mental issues, personality disorder is a condition where an individual begins to have an unhealthy thinking and behavior pattern. This disorder has impacted 9.1 percent of the total U.S. population, as per the NIMH.  

There are times when an individual’s obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), an anxiety disorder, is confused with obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), one of the personality disorders. Though they appear to be similar in names, both are quite different in the ways they impact. Here, we look at the differences between OCD and OCPD:

  • Type of disorder 

OCD is a type of anxiety disorder which is characterized by an obsession with certain images, thoughts and ideas. OCPD is a personality disorder in which an individual is excessively rigid with perfectionism and feels an irresistible need to command.

  • Characteristic habits 

An individual with OCD feels an urge to keep checking things again and again. While he might have just completed a certain task or kept things at the appropriate place, he is excessively worried in the next few minutes and feels an urge to check if the task has been completed. This behavior may also make him feel guilty for some incomplete tasks.

The individuals with OCPD rarely feel relaxed. They are obsessed with an unrealistic desire to attain perfectionism and control things. Owing to their impractical behavior, such individuals tend to take all the workload alone and do not delegate tasks. They continue managing the minutest of issues at the cost of the major ones. They never feel guilty as they believe perfectionism is the trait of all the tasks accomplished by them.

The behavior of both these kinds is quite frustrating and irritating to the family members or people around.

  • Aim 

All the tasks performed by an individual with OCD are aimed at fighting anxiety or avoiding a situation that might bring them guilt. An individual with OCPD aims to reach perfectionism in every task performed by him.

  • Symptoms 

An individual with OCD reflects both compulsive and obsessive behavior traits, like constant checking and counting, frequent washing and cleaning of hands, repetitive checking of the door locks and arranging things. They get very emotional and anxious and display signs of depression, worry and stress.

People with OCPD reflect excessive devotion to work and perfectionism, rigidly follow the moral and ethical codes, solely take the ownership of tasks, avoid social life, hold on things that are no more of any use and are extremely inflexible.

  • Approval of the problem 

While an individual with OCD openly accepts that his behavior is not normal and requires treatment, an individual with OCPD finds his actions to be completely perfect and normal. This acceptance by people with OCD often gives them stress as they are unhappy with their obsessive behavior. However, stress does not bother an individual with OCPD. Instead, they believe their behavior to be the requirement of the situation and that will pay on time.

  • Causes 

While the medical experts believe that an individual’s genes cause a situation of OCD, they also mention the role of an individual’s habits that he has developed since childhood.

The causes of OCPD are varied from genetic and biological, psychological to social factors. There are also chances that an individual with OCPD will definitely pass on the genes to his/her children.

Recovery road map

Medication and psychotherapy can treat these disorders. If not treated on time, OCD and OPCD can lead to other mental conditions, like depression and anxiety. If you or a loved one is suffering from any mental condition, the Mental Health Helpline in Florida can assist you in finding the best rehab centers in Florida. You may call us at 24/7 helpline number 866-846-5588 or chat online with our experts to know about the centers that offer mental disorder treatment in Florida.